Self-care Tips and Info for New Moms from Texas Health Resources

May 11, 2011 by  
Filed under VIDEO

I just found this health related video on YouTube … and thought you might enjoy it!

Helpful information and tips for women who have just delivered their first baby. There’s a new life in your life, with all the joys and challenges that brings. Texas Health Resources wants to help you approach them with as much confidence and comfort as possible. On behalf of the physicians on the medical staff and the nurses from the postpartum unit, nursery and lactation department, congratulations and welcome to a new and exciting world for you, your baby, and your family. The information presented here is general in nature. If your OB/GYN or Pediatrician has given you other instructions, please follow the advice of your physician. The information in this video covers: -Postpartum Period -Changes to Birth Canal -Menstrual Cycle -Bowel Movements -Hemorrhoids -Episiotomy Care -Cesarean Birth Care -Activities -Swelling -Feeding Baby -Baby Blues and Postpartum Depression -The New Dad -When to Call your OB From the moment your first baby is born, life changes forever. During the postpartum period, don’t be shy about seeking help if you have a question or problem. While no amount of study and practice can guarantee you’re ready for parenthood, the more knowledge you have, the more likely you will enter this new chapter in our life with a confident and positive outlook. 1-877-THR-WELL

Tell us what you think about this video in the comments below, or in the Battling For Health Community Forum!

November is Diabetes Month

November 5, 2009 by  
Filed under DIABETES

medic_alert_braceletNovember is the month focused on diabetes. It is only right that we take a look at what we know about this condition.

Diabetes mellitus is a group of chronic conditions characterized by high levels of glucose in the blood. This high glucose levels were due to disruption in insulin production, diminished action of insulin, or both. Diabetes is incurable but manageable.

There are several types of diabetes mellitus, namely:

  • Type 1 diabetes is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or juvenile diabetes and accounts for 5 to 10% of all diabetes cases.
  • Type 2 diabetes is also known as noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or adult diabetes and accounts for 90 to 95% of all diabetes cases.
  • Pregnancy or gestational diabetes occurs in about 5% of all pregnant women.
  • There are rare types of diabetes which account for 1 to 5% of all cases of diabetes.

The statistics

Some statistics from the American Diabetes Association (ADA):

  • 24 million children and adults in the United States live with diabetes
  • 57 million Americans are at risk for type 2 diabetes
  • 1 out of every 3 children born today will face a future with diabetes if current trends continue.

The campaign

In the US, lots of events have been scheduled to observe the National Diabetes Month. Some are as follows:

The video series

The said series is a collection of online educational video clips to give practical tips and advice for living with the disease. The videos were developed in collaboration with Liberty Medical and can be viewed online at under the “learn” section. Topics covered include

  • symptoms
  • risks
  • weight management tips
  • exercise tips
  • an overview of
  • insulin delivery methods
  • tips on caring for a parent
  • understanding the ABCs of diabetes – A1C, blood pressure, and cholesterol measurements

Community events

Some of the local events include

Other resources on diabetes:

Coming up: World Diabetes Day on November 14.

Photo credit: stock.xchng

Resource post for May: Stroke awareness revisited

May 5, 2009 by  

brainMay is American Stroke Month

It is the month when we should examine what we know about stroke, its symptoms, the risk factors, how it can be managed, and how it can be prevented. At the forefront of this month-long awareness campaign are the American Heart Association (AHA) and the American Stroke Association (ASA).

Stroke: facts and figures

According to the AHA:

Stroke is the third highest cause of mortality after heart disease and cancer.

Stroke: symptoms

Many people do not recognize the signs when they are having a stroke, according to research studies. This causes delay in treatment of a condition that is time-sensitive. The warning signs of stroke according to the AHA and ASA are (check also the video clip):

Stroke: reducing your risks

The best strategy of preventing stroke is reducing the risks that can be reduced. But first we need to know the risk factors.

The risks that you cannot change are

  • Age. The likelihood of having a stroke increases with age. Previous studies suggest that stroke risk doubles starting age at the age of 55. Finnish researchers report that stroke risk increases dramatically in men starting at age 44.
  • Genetics. Family history and ethnicity predisposes a person to stroke. African American have higher predisposition to stroke than any other ethnic group in the US. The genetic disease sickle cell anemia which is very common among African-American and Hispanic children is a major risk factor for stroke.
  • Gender. Men seem to be more susceptible to stroke than women but women suffer higher mortality rates from stroke.

But here are the risks that you can do something about:

  • High blood pressure. Hypertension is the most important controllable risk factor for stroke. Many people believe the effective treatment of blood-pressurehigh blood pressure is a key reason for the accelerated decline in the death rates for stroke.
  • Cigarette smoking. Although cigarette smoking is usually associated with lung cancer, it is actually an important risk factor for stroke. And the damage is not only restricted to the smoker. Second hand or passive smoking has also been linked to cardiovascular damage that can lead to stroke.
  • Obesity/excess weight. Obesity is another major controllable factor for stroke.
  • High cholesterol levels. People with high blood cholesterol have an increased risk for stroke. High levels of LDL “bad” cholesterol and low levels of HDL “good” cholesterol are risk factors.
  • Birth control pills. The use of oral contraceptives by women has been linked to cardiovascular damage. When this factor is combined with smoking, the risk for having a stroke increases drastically.
  • Diabetes. Diabetes is an independent risk factor for stroke. However, it is also associated with other risk factors such high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol levels and obesity.
  • Poor nutrition. Diet is a major but easily controllable risk factor for stroke and other related cardiovascular disease. “Diets rich in saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol can raise blood cholesterol levels. Diets high in sodium (salt) can contribute to increased blood pressure. Diets with excess calories can contribute to obesity.” On the other hand, a daily diet containing five or more servings of fruits and vegetables – the so-called DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet may reduce the risk of stroke.
  • Physical inactivity. A sedentary lifestyle is not only a risk factor for stroke, it is a risk factor for other related problems, e.g. hypertension, high blood cholesterol, diabetes, and heart disease. The AHA and ASA recommend a minimum of least 30 minutes of physical activity each day. The more, the better.dry-fruits
  • Other underlying conditions such as arterial diseases (e.g. carotid artery disease, peripheral artery disease) and heart disorders (e.g. coronary heart disease, atrial fibrillation, cardiomyopathy, congenital heart defects) also increase the risks of having a stroke.
  • Geographic location. States in the southeastern United States have higher incidences of stroke than the rest of the country, earning the title the “stroke belt.” However, this is a risk factor that is neither well-understood nor well-documented.
  • Socioeconomic factors. Studies suggest that stroke incidence is higher among low-income people than among more affluent people.
  • Alcohol consumption. Although alcohol is said to have some cardiovascular benefits, excessive alcohol consumption has been associated to health problems including stroke and hypertension. Women also especially more susceptible to the adverse effects of alcohol than men.
  • Illegal drugs. Illegal drugs such as cocaine, amphetamines and heroin, have been associated with an increased risk of stroke.

Stroke: treatment and management

Some of the treatment options for ischemic stroke are:

  • Thrombolytic (clot-busting) drugs. The most commonly used drug in the emergency treatment of stroke is an intravenous injection of blood-cellstissue plasminogen activator (tPA). tPA, however, is a time-sensitive medication that needs to be administered within 3 hours of symptom onset.
  • Anti-coagulants or blood thinners. These drugs are prescribed after a stroke to reduce the chances of new blood clots forming.
  • Anti-platelet drugs. These drugs are also used to prevent blood clots and can be used in stroke prevention strategy.
  • Surgery and stents. Several surgical interventions can be done to prevent and manage stroke. A blocked or narrowed carotid artery can be opened by surgery to remove plaques. Stents can be inserted into the blood vessels to keep them open.
  • Experimental treatments. New stroke treatments are currently being tested, including stem cell therapy and experimental neuroprotective medications.

Stroke resources:

 Photo credit: stock xchng


Reach Out and Touch

July 14, 2008 by  
Filed under CANCER

The cancer journey can seem very lonely, but there are others on the road and those who have gone before you who are ready to reach out a hand.

Today Battling Cancer features some unique organizations you may not have heard about whose goal is support and care. Check them out.

Also be sure to take a look back at the Battling Cancer archives for profiles of other organizations and stop by our links for additional resources.

Read more

Know your heart(y) advocacy groups and information sources

June 30, 2008 by  

A recent survey by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) showed 46% of Americans have basic or below basic level of health literacy. I am sure that many countries in the world have the same health literacy problems.

When in doubt, where do you turn to for health information? To your health care provider, of course.

However, for those who would like to do some home study and read more, I have prepared a list of website resources by medical professionals and advocacy groups. These sites provide invaluable information for medical professionals, patients, and consumers.

In the US:

American Heart Association (AHA)

The AHA is probably the oldest and most well-known heart health advocacy group in the world. It has its headquarters in Dallas, Texas and has nine affiliate offices in the US and its territories.

It all started with a group of doctors and social workers who formed the Association for the Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease in 1915 in New York City. That was a time when there was limited information about heart diseases. Similar groups were formed all over the US. Several people saw a need for national platform through which medical professionals can exchange knowledge and research findings.

The AHA was formally founded by 6 cardiologists in 1924.

Their goal was to improve public and medical awareness during a time of “almost unbelievable ignorance about heart disease.”

The association has since grown in size, supported by medical and non-medical members and volunteers. It has continued to be an advocate for the American public, especially children.

The main driving force of AHA is to provide “credible heart disease and stroke information for effective prevention and treatment.”

AHA regularly organizes health awareness programs and fund raising drives. In addition, it uses the Internet and all the tools it can offer to disseminate information, increase awareness, and step up on prevention of cardiovascular disease. Check out some of their programs:

HeartHub for Patients

Go Red for Women Heart Style Guide

FIT Kids Photo Petition

Sudden Cardiac Arrest Association (SCAA)

The SCAA is a non-profit organization founded in 2005 and is singularly focused on sudden cardiac arrest.

SCAA’s mission is “to prevent loss of life from Sudden Cardiac Arrest.” Its vision is to eliminate preventable deaths from Sudden Cardiac Arrest by 2020.

One of SCAA’s major projects is broadening the deployment of automated external defibrillators (AEDs), when it affiliated the Iowa advocacy group AED Access for All.

Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) and Heart Rhythm Foundation (HRF)

Founded in 1979, HRS is a society of over 4800 medical professionals with the main focus on cardiac arrhythmia or heart rhythm disorders. Its motto is “restoring the rhythm of life.” It works closely with the Heart Rhythm Foundation (HRF). HRF’s mission is

“to enhance the prevention and treatment of cardiac rhythm disorders by supporting the research, education and advocacy efforts of the Heart Rhythm Society.”

Sudden Cardiac Arrest Foundation (SCAF)

SCAF’s mission is to prevent death and disability from sudden cardiac arrest and increase awareness. Its specific aims are:

In order to reach these goals, the foundation offers the following training as part of their education program:

American Stroke Association (ASA)

ASA is a division of the AHA and is focusing primarily on stroke awareness and prevention. Its specific goal is “to reduce stroke and risk by 25 percent by 2010.”

Together with AHA, ASA regularly organizes events and educational programs locally. You can check what’s happening near you at One of ASA’s stroke awareness programs is Power To End Stroke, a campaign directed at African Americans, the ethnic group in the US with the highest risk for stroke.

Outside the US:

Heart and Stroke Foundation (HSF) of Canada

HSF Canada is a volunteer-based health charity organization consisting of 10 provincial foundations. It works towards

“eliminating heart disease and stroke and reducing their impact through the advancement of research and its application, the promotion of healthy living and advocacy.”

British Heart Foundation (BHF)

BHF aims for “a world in which people do not die prematurely of heart disease.” And they want to achieve this by research, prevention drives, and fighting for quality health care and support for heart patients.

Children’s Heart Association (CHA)

CHA was formerly called The Association for Children with Heart Disorders and advocates for the welfare of children with congenital heart disease. It runs support groups for family and friends of these young cardiac patients.

Other advocacy groups for children are Children’s Heart Federation, and HeartLine.

There are many more advocacy groups out there and I am sorry that I cannot cover all of them. All with the common aim of helping heart patients, promoting awareness and stepping up prevention. They are an invaluable source of information for health professionals as well as for patients. Most of these groups are dependent on volunteers and donations to go on with their work.

If you have the time and the money to share, this is the way to go – volunteer or donate (or both) to a heart(y) group of your choice and help save lives.

Pancreatic Cancer

May 27, 2008 by  
Filed under CANCER

The pancreas is considered a glandular organ. It is about 7 inches by 1.5 inches in size. It lies under the stomach and at the beginning of the small intestine, and functions as an exocrine organ by producing fluids for digesting food. It functions as an endocrine organ as it releases hormones. When released into the blood stream, these hormones regulate our glucose levels (insulin and glucagon).

Pancreatic cancer is a cancerous tumor that occurs in the tissues of this gland/organ.

Estimated new cases and deaths from pancreatic cancer in the United States in 2008 per the National Cancer Institute: New cases, 37,680 and deaths, 34,290.

This type of cancer typically spreads fast and is often not diagnosed in the early stages.

Per the Mayo Clinic, signs and symptoms of pancreatic cancer, which may not occur until the cancer is in the advanced stages:

  • Upper abdominal pain that may radiate to your back
  • Yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Depression

There are two types of pancreatic cancer: exocrine and endocrine. Endocrine cancers are very rare. The American Cancer Society states that exocrine cancers are the most common and 95% of those diagnosed are adenocarcinomas.

Risk Factors for Exocrine (Pancreatic) Cancers:

  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Gender-men have a slightly increased rate of occurrence
  • Race-occurs more often in blacks than Caucasians
  • Age-most people diagnosed are in their 70’s and 80’s
  • Personal or family history of pancreatic cancer
  • History of chronic pancreatitis
  • Diabetes-occurs more often in diagnosed diabetics

The American Cancer Society site discusses risk factors that are uncertain or under research.


While there is no screening for pancreatic cancer you may undergo a CT, Ultrasound, and/or MRI if your physician suspects this disease.

Other diagnostic tests:

  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographyERCP-a dye is injected into your bile ducts and they are examined with a scope as air is blown into the ducts.
  • Endoscopic Ultrasound-EUSa scope with an ultrasound device is passed through the stomach into the duodenum to take pictures. It may also collect biopsy specimens.
  • Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography-PTCa needle is inserted into the liver from outside the body and a tube is threaded into the bile ducts. Dye is injected into the ducts to detect blockages.

If a diagnosis confirms the cancer then further tests may be ordered to stage the disease and determine if it has spread. A CA19-19 blood test may be ordered to monitor your response to treatment.

Basic staging per the Mayo Clinic:

  • Resectable. All the tumor nodules can be removed.
  • Locally advanced. The tumor can no longer be removed with surgery because the cancer has spread to tissues around the pancreas or into the blood vessels.
  • Metastatic. At this stage, the cancer has spread to distant organs, such as the lungs and liver.

For further staging information, including The American Joint Committee on Cancer TNM, numerical staging, see The American Cancer Society site.

Current Treatment for Exocrine (Pancreatic) Cancer:

  • Surgery (resection)
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Targeted Gene Therapy

Battling Books:

100 Q & A About Pancreatic Cancer by Eileen O’Reilly M.D.

My Journey with Pancreatic Cancer by Calvin E. Rains Sr. (2006)

Pancreatic Cancer in the News:

ScienceDaily, January 9, 2008. Pancreatic Cancer: The smaller the tumor, the better your chances, study shows. “The odds of surviving cancer of the pancreas increase dramatically for patients whose tumors are smallest, according to a new study by researchers at Saint Louis University and the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston — the first study to specifically evaluate the link between tumor size and survival rates for one of the most common and deadly cancers.”


The Clinical Trials Database is the largest resource of clinical trials for pancreatic cancer in the world.

PanCAN, the Pancreatic Cancer Action Network. “Working Together for a Cure”

The National Pancreas Foundation. Support, Education and Research.

A Quick Reference Guide to Hodgkin’s Disease

March 20, 2008 by  
Filed under CANCER

Hodgkin’s Disease (HD) or Hodgkin Lymphoma is a type of lymphoma, not to be confused with Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).

Lymphoma is a cancer that begins at the cellular level of the immune system. For more information on lymphoma in general see the excellent article in our archives.

Hodgkin’s Disease is identified by the presence of the Reed-Sternberg cell.

Hodgkin’s Disease/Hodgkin Lymphoma is broken down into two basic types: Classical Hodgkin lymphoma (95% of all cases) and Nodular lymphocyte-predominate Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL). NLPHL is rare and is identified by a popcorn cell.

HD can start anywhere in the lymphatic system but usually begins in the lymph nodes of the chest, neck or under the arms. It can spread from node to node and into the blood stream.

Classic symptoms of HD:

  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the upper body that are painless
  • Painful lymph nodes after consuming alcohol
  • Unexplained weight loss, poor appetite
  • Night sweats
  • Itchy skin
  • Respiratory distress, or chest pain
  • Unexplained weakness or lethargy

These symptoms are very general and could indicate other diseases, which is why it is important to see a doctor right away for a complete physical. A follow up blood test, chest x-ray and/or CT or PET exam of the lymph nodes and spleen may be indicated. A biopsy (lymph node or bone marrow) is a final tool to check the cellular make-up of your lymphocytes.


Treatment plans will depend on the staging of the disease. Lymphoma has four stages. Stages 1 and 2 are limited disease and stages 3 and 4 indicate more extensive disease. Treatment is individualized and may include combination therapies.

Basic treatment modalities offered for HD may include:

Chemotherapy-Chemotherapy options for adult HD patients are discussed on the Lymphoma Network website.

Radiation-The basics of radiation therapy for the HD patient can be found on the Oncology Channel.

Stem Cell Transplant-For more information the National Cancer Institute provides a fact sheet called: Bone Marrow Transplantation and Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation: Questions and Answers. It is in pdf format.

The American Cancer Society reports that in 2008 the estimated new cases and deaths from Hodgkin lymphoma in the United States are 8,220 new cases and 1,350 deaths.

Adults and children get HD but the most common groups are young adults (ages 15-40) and late adulthood (after 55).

Cause and Prevention:

The cause is unknown and so prevention of the disease is not possible.

There are disease indicators, those factors that have been found to be common or proven to indicate an increased risk per the American Cancer Society:

  • Epstein-Barr virus-the risk is somewhat higher in individuals who have had EBV which is the virus that causes mono.
  • Age-the age group characteristics listed above.
  • Gender-HD is slightly more prevalent in males than females
  • Geography-Most common in the U.S., Canada and northern Europe.
  • Family History Risk Factor-Much higher if you have a brother or sister with HD.
  • Socioeconomic-Higher risk is noted in people with a higher socioeconomic background.


**The New York Times features an in depth article called Hodgkin’s Lymphoma in their Health Guide, dated today, March 20, 2008. This is an excellent resource. Print it out and save it.**

The American Cancer Society: Learn About Hodgkin’s Disease.

The Hodgkin’s Lymphoma page of the National Cancer Institute.

The Lymphoma Information Network:For information on Adult and Childhood Hodgkin’s Disease.

The Leukemia and Lymphoma Society.

Cure Hodgkin’

The Lymphoma Research Foundation

For support: The Violet Ribbon Campaign: Uniting the Hodgkin’s Disease Community.

Please send a note if you have other valuable resources you would like mentioned.

March is Asbestos Awareness Month

March 17, 2008 by  
Filed under CANCER

What should you know about asbestos?

The risk of getting an asbestos related disease correlates to the dose and duration of exposure. Those working in a job with exposure naturally are at greater risk; however particles on clothing brought home puts others at risk. Risk also exists for exposure due to damaged materials in buildings that utilized asbestos.

Asbestos fibers remain trapped in your lungs for life. The more you inhale the greater your risk of getting an asbestos related disease. The risk never disappears. Other factors such as cigarette smoking, and personal genetics will determine ‘if’ and ‘when’ symptoms will appear. The shortest latency period from exposure to asbestos to appearance of disease is 5 to 10 years, but could be as long as 40 years. There is no safe level of exposure to asbestos.

Asbestos was historically found in textured paint, insulating cement and blocks, packing materials, gaskets, pipe covering, insulation materials, fireproofing spray, joint compound, vinyl floor tile, ceiling tile, acoustical textures, duct insulation for heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems, insulated electrical wire and panels and brake and clutch assemblies. This is not an exhaustive list.

Asbestos was used in building materials between 1940 and 1980’s. Because asbestos is a mineral made up of fibers, when it is disturbed it becomes an inhalable dust. The health risk is presented when asbestos is disturbed. Examples would be remodeling, demolition, or problems with damaged or deteriorating buildings. Generally asbestos is not considered a health risk if it is intact.

In 1979 The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission banned the use of asbestos in wallboard patching compounds and gas fireplaces. In 1979 electric hairdryer manufacturers voluntarily stopped using asbestos in their products. Recently crayon manufacturers voluntarily reformulated their products which were found to have trace amounts of a non-hazardous asbestos by-product.

In 1986 Congress passed the Asbestos Hazards Emergency Response Act (AHERA) to regulated use of asbestos. In 1990 further regulation was passed to require certification of persons working on asbestos in schools, and public and commercial buildings. Asbestos is still legal in the United States. The EPA ban on asbestos was legally challenged and overturned by the Supreme Court in 1991.

The use, transportation, disposal and inspection of asbestos is carefully regulated by the EPA. The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is an international agency that sets voluntary standards for testing, practices and products. So for example, when a damaged building is inspected by AHERA certified inspectors, they are adhering to ASTM standards.

What can you do to prevent asbestos exposure?

If your home improvement project involves a home or building that may be at risk for asbestos exposure hire an AHERA inspector before disturbing potential asbestos materials. Asbestos cannot be determined by a simple visual exam. An asbestos abatement plan may be the next step if the project involves disturbing the asbestos.

Asbestos Diseases:

  • Pleural plaque-Thickening of the pleural membranes covering the lungs. While non-cancerous and they do not change into cancer, evidence shows that those with pleural plaque may get lung cancer in the future.
  • Asbestosis-Scarring of the lung tissue which causes inflammatory breathing complications.
  • Lung cancer-small cell or non small cell lung cancer.
  • Mesothelioma-The only known cause of this type of cancer in the U.S. This type of cancer affects the membrane covering the lungs the lining of the chest wall and the diaphragm. It can appear forty years after exposure.

Resources: Leading resource on asbestos and mesothelioma cancer.

Occupational Health & Safety Administration (OSHA) resources on asbestos.

The EPA for detailed information on asbestos emission standards and AHERA.

The National Cancer Institute Fact Sheet on asbestos exposure.

The American Cancer Society discussion on asbestos and cancer.

Thank you to Richard Moyle of The Asbestos and Mesothelioma Center for bringing this topic to the attention of Battling Cancer.

List of Arthritis Treatments Already Mentioned Here at Battling Arthritis

November 26, 2007 by  
Filed under ARTHRITIS

Since I started this blog, there are already 4 posts wherein arthritis drugs were mentioned or discuss. And so in this resource –type entry, I would like to put those arthritis drugs on the spotlight.


Anti-TNF drugs are drugs that inhibit the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) thereby preventing chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.

Examples of TNF inhibitors that are currently approved by the FDA to be in the market are the following:

Infliximab (Remicade®)– a product of Centocor Pharmaceuticals. A biologic treatment used for the treatment of plaque psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, Chron’s disease in adults, pediatric Chron’s disease, ulcerative colitis and ankylosing spondylitis.

D2E7 Adalimumab (Humira) – a product of Abbott. A medicine called a Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) blocker, used in adults to reduce the signs and symptoms of:

  • moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in adults. HUMIRA can be used alone or with methotrexate or with certain other medicines. HUMIRA may prevent further damage to your bones and joints and may help your ability to perform daily activities.
  • psoriatic arthritis (PsA). HUMIRA can be used alone or with certain other medicines. HUMIRA may prevent further damage to your bones and joints and may help your ability to perform daily activities.
  • ankylosing spondylitis (AS)
  • moderate to severe Crohn’s disease (CD) in adults who have not responded well to conventional treatments. HUMIRA is also approved for these adults who have lost response or are unable to tolerate infliximab.

Etanercept (Enbrel®) – a product of Amgen and Wyeth and a biologic oral medication for moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA), moderate to severe juvenile rheumatoid arthritisJRA), psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and chronic moderate to severe plaque psoriasis.

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NOTE: The contents in this blog are for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or a substitute for professional care. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health professional before making changes to any existing treatment or program. Some of the information presented in this blog may already be out of date.