The world is full of beautiful things, and being able to see all the breathtaking images the world has to offer is a cherished gift. However, vision does deteriorate due to age and various medical conditions, and losing quality of sight is detrimental to many people. Tunnel vision limits the ability to see peripherally, and depending on the cause, could eventually lead to blindness. Fortunately, there are many treatments out there to help protect your vision and keep you from losing sight of the beautiful things around you.
What Causes Tunnel Vision?
There are many possible causes of tunnel vision, and some pose more serious threats than others. If you experience difficulty concentrating on areas that stray from the direct center of your vision, poor night vision, or dizziness, contact a doctor immediately to have your condition evaluated. There are many causes of peripheral vision loss and understanding the root of the disorder can help determine what treatment option is the best bet.
The most common causes included:
· Blood loss
· Eye strokes
· Mercury poisoning
· Intense anger or anxiety (temporary)
· High altitudes (temporary)
· Alcohol consumption and some hallucinogenic drugs (temporary)
· Brain damage
· Certain eye disease
· Wearing glasses
· Sagging, droopy skin around the eyes
The cause and severity of tunnel vision can help determine what treatment option is best for you, and always check with a credible doctor about any health issues you experience. Remember the tunnel vision might be the cause of a more serious disorder.
· For those suffering from glaucoma, eye pressure lowering eye drops are prescribed (along with other medication) that help with the disorder. Unfortunately, tunnel vision is hard to reduce if it stems from glaucoma, but the good news is the mediation can keep it from getting any worse and affecting the optic nerve.
· In some cases, vision therapy can be used to restore peripheral vision, and it’s implemented in a similar way as any other physical therapy.
· Eye doctors might prescribe a prism, a special type of lens that helps to expand the field of vision, for patients suffering from tunnel vision.
· Eye lid surgery removes excess skin that droops down and blocks the peripheral vision.
· Getting cataracts removed often helps to expand the field of vision.
Tips to Help Improve Peripheral Vision
The best way to strengthen any part of your body is exercise, and just like any other muscle, your eyes need to get active once in a while, too. Even if you have already suffered a bit from tunnel vision, it doesn’t have to go downhill.
· If you work a desk job and focus mostly on a computer screen all day, it can be hard to exercise your peripheral vision. Deliberately place pictures, flowers, or other décor on the side of your desk, and try to pay attention to those objects as you’re working on the computer. Focusing on more than one thing at once will help keep all areas of your vision sharp.
· Complete hidden word puzzles, or play hidden picture games. Both of these force you to look at the whole thing at once and use all areas of your sight, not just the centralized part.
· Try focusing on one center item such as a painting on a wall. Then, shift your eye as far left as it will go while still maintaining focus on the painting and then do the same thing for all directions. You might feel a bit of strain coming from the eye muscle, but that’s a good sign that your muscles are being exercised.
· If you wear glasses, try to take them off periodically. Some lenses can obstruct the field of light and cause a limited field of vision.
Peripheral vision affects your ability to drive a car, read a book, watch television, and many other daily activities. It’s unfortunate that there are so many causes that can increase the risks of tunnel vision, but there are plans out there that work to help those suffering. By talking to your doctor and finding the right treatment plan, as well as taking time to exercise your eye muscles, you’ll help add years and health to the wonderful world of sight.
About The Author:
Benji Grayson is a freelance health and fitness writer. He currently writes about skin treatment and eyelid surgery in Melbourne, Florida for the Clevens Center for Facial Cosmetic Surgery. His personal interests include helping other people achieve their personal health and wellness goals.