Researchers at the Washington University at St. Louis may just have found the secret to eternal youth and it’s none of the power pills that you take or the power beverages that you drink. Surprise, surprise – it’s endurance exercise.
The research involved 12 participants – 6 males and 6 females aged 60 and 75. The participants were of normal weight but not physically active.
The researchers compared two treatments among non-active older adults: the effects of exercise training on the heart vs the effects of dobutamine, a drug that increases the heart rate similar to what happens during an exercise.
Endurance exercise training was defined as
Dobutamine induced increased energy demands, but the hearts of the study participants did not increase their blood sugar (glucose) uptake for more energy. This is how an aging heart would react.
Endurance exercise however resulted in higher glucose uptake by the participants’ hearts. This increased in blood sugar uptake – about double the energy demand of a heart at rest – is what young hearts do.
Lead author Pablo Soto explains:
…if heart muscle doesn’t take in glucose in response to increased energy needs, it goes into an energy-deprived state, which may raise the risk of heart attack. But if it can increase glucose uptake, the heart is better protected against ischemia (low oxygen) and heart attack.
The participants underwent 11 months of exercise training guided by a professional trainer. During the first 3 months, exercise was up 65% of the participants’ capacity. It was then increased to 75%, with no major problems. In fact, the participants reported feeling fit and young.
Many other studies have found strong links between exercise and aging. Nature News reported about a UK study that showed how physical activity keeps us young while an inactive lifestyle shortens our life. They used one biological measure of aging which is the length of telomeres at the end of our chromosomes. Telomeres protect our DNA from wearing down and tend to get shorter as we age.
The research went on to show that people who regularly engaged in exercise and are nonsmokers have longer telomeres compared to those who are inactive, overweight and smokers. The biological age difference based on telomere length differences can be as high as 10 years.
Now, who wouldn’t want to live a decade longer?