By Juliet Cohen
Schizophrenia results from problems with early brain development. The way brain cells communicate with each other through nerve pathways. Complete lack of expressed emotion is sometimes seen, as is an apparent indifference, anhedonia (the lack of pleasure ), and avolition (a lack of motivation). Too many or too few connections in the important pathways of emotional regulation may lead to psychotic symptoms. More specifically, certain areas of the brain that are rich in the chemical dopamine seem to be affected most often in schizophrenia.
The contributing factors associated with the development of these brain-pathway problems are controversial and are being carefully investigated. Some of the areas of current research include risk-associated genes, exposure to certain viruses or malnutrition in the womb, and stressful childhood environments in genetically susceptible children. People with catatonic schizophrenia may also need services, supervision or specialized care particularly when response to treatment isn’t optimal. The goal of treatment is to reduce the symptoms of schizophrenia and to decrease the chances of a relapse, or return of symptoms.
Treatment including is medications used to treat schizophrenia are called antipsychotics. These medicines do not cure schizophrenia but help relieve the most troubling symptoms, including delusions, hallucinations and thinking problems. Older medications used include is thorazine, prolixin, haldol, navane, stelazine, trilafon and mellaril. Electroconvlusive therapy (ECT ) is a procedure in which electrodes are attached to the person’s head and a series of electric shocks are delivered to the brain.
Causes of Catatonic Schizophrenia
Common Causes and Risk factors of Catatonic Schizophrenia
Biological ( Early brain development)
Signs and Symptoms of Catatonic Schizophrenia
Common Sign and Symptoms of Catatonic Schizophrenia
Decline in daily functional abilities.
Loss of interest or volition.
Treatment for Catatonic Schizophrenia
Common Treatment for Catatonic Schizophrenia
Treatment is most effective when it is implemented early on in the development of the disorder. Medications used to treat schizophrenia are called antipsychotics. These medicines do not cure schizophrenia but help relieve the most troubling symptoms, including delusions, hallucinations and thinking problems. Older medications used include: Thorazine, Prolixin, Haldol, Navane, Stelazine, Trilafon and Mellaril.
Rehabilitation, which focuses on social skills and job training to help people with schizophrenia function in the community and live as independently as possible.
Individual psychotherapy, which can help the person better understand his or her illness, and learn coping and problem-solving skills.
Family therapy, , which can help families deal more effectively with a loved one who has schizophrenia, enabling them to better help their loved one.
Group therapy/support groups, which can provide continuing mutual support.
Electroconvlusive therapy (ECT) is a procedure in which electrodes are attached to the person’s head and a series of electric shocks are delivered to the brain. The shocks induce seizures, causing the release of neurotransmitters in the brain. This form of treatment is rarely used today in the treatment of schizophrenia.
Psychosurgery: Lobotomy, an operation used to sever certain nerve pathways in the brain, was formerly used in some patients with severe, chronic schizophrenia.
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